Species Description. The Rio Grande cottonwood is also popularly known as the Fremont cottonwood, common cottonwood, valley cottonwood, marsh cottonwood, alamo and alamillo. Fremont's cottonwood establishment from seed is difficult and seldom used. The dangling leaves clatter in the wind. Fremont's cottonwood seed germinates only during spring and early summer. In riparian areas near streams, rivers, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters Fremont ’ cottonwood. Cottonwood Fremont. Aigeiros.The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont The Los Lunas, New Mexico Plant Materials Center, in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, and U.S. Flowers: Male flowers bright red, female flowers green (March-April). Its scientific name reflects its membership in the poplar family, which includes the poplars, the aspens and the other cottonwood species. Type: Broadleaf. When the fluff contacts a damp spot it collapses leaving the seed to grow. Genus: Populus. These trees have been very important to the native people living in North America. Fremont's cottonwood propagation is possible from hardwood, pole and root cuttings, and containerized seedlings. In spring, the cottony seeds take flight, floating in the breeze and covering the ground with fluff. Birds are attracted to these trees to feed on the abundance of insects. Fremont cottonwood seeds are extremely small (approximately 1 mm in length) and fragile, and are blown through the air with the aid of a tuft of trichomes that are outgrowths of the funiculus and placenta (Fann and Werker 1972). From mid to late summer, most of the tree’s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects. Fremont Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, has fairly broad leaves (pic right) that look like a larger version of Aspen leaves. Cottonwood trees are male and female, and only the female types form seeds (and cotton). Eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides), nearly 30 metres (100 feet) tall, has thick glossy leaves. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. Description. This dispersal method allows Fremont cottonwood to colonize widely scattered habitats. It is one of three species in Populus sect. Fremont Cottonwood Leaves Flowers: Catkins 2-3 1/2″ long, reddish; male and female on separate trees in early spring. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Fremont cottonwood (Populis fremontii) creates a ribbon of green along the Virgin River through Zion Canyon. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Fremont Cottonwood . NPS. Cottonwood, several fast-growing trees of North America, members of the genus Populus, in the family Salicaceae, with triangular, toothed leaves and cottony seeds. Turning a striking bright yellow in autumn. period in spring during which the seeds dis-perse and germinate. Identification: Habit: Populus fremontii is a deciduous tree that has an open habit with thick, broadly spread branches. 1998). In the spring, clusters of small seeds tufted with silver hairs fill each ripe fruit, called a catkin. The most famous Fremont cottonwood tree in Capitol Reef is the "Mail Tree," in the picnic area off the Scenic Drive. Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii. Of course, not everything about the cottonwood tree is perfect. cottonwood tree seeds for sale. Fremont Cottonwood. Give way to capsules that split open to release clouds of cottony seeds that can buckle fremont cottonwood leaves damage. Fremont cottonwood seeds from multiple mother trees were collected along the Sacramento River, near Grimes, CA, USA, in spring 2009 (39.07°N, 121.89°W, 14 m a.s.l.). Native Americans. In younger trees, with an average lifespan of at least 40 or 50 years capsules that split open release! cottonwood tree seeds for sale. Yellow-green. Common Name: Fremont Cottonwood. Glossy yellow-green leaves are virtually triangular with coarsley toothed margins 2" to 4" in width. Bark: Smooth and gray on young trees, thick and furrowed on old. This dispersal occurs in the spring. Fremont cottonwood (Populusfremontii S. Watson) data from Young and Clements (2003b).The tremendous seed production potential of individual saltcedar plants … Fremont cottonwood was used in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii. Pronunciation: pop-U-lus free-MONT-e-i. Germination of seeds of Fremont cottonwood Author: Young, J.A., Clements, C.D. FRUIT: Upon maturity the spiked fruits burst, releasing seeds copiously adorned with long, cottony filaments seeking the wind. Leaves of Black Cottonwood. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … Family: Salicaceae. Western Cottonwood. Few of the common names of the plant are Fremont cottonwood, Fremont’s cottonwood, Western Cottonwood, Fremont Poplar, Alamo cottonwood, poplar, balsam poplar, Alamo, aspen, quaking aspen, tacamahac, hackmatac, western poplar, Arizona cottonwood, Valley Cottonwood, Rio Grande Cottonwood and Meseta Cottonwood. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). It is in flower from March to April, and the seeds ripen in April. Our purpose was to investigate the physiological amplitude for Fremont cottonwood seeds to germinate under a wide range of constant or alternating temperatures. It is fast growing deciduous hardwood tree that grows about 12-35 meter (39 … The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Cottonwoods produce catkins to distribute their seeds, which look like fluffy cotton that is distributed by the wind. Salt cedar ( Tamarix chi-nensis and related species), an invasive riparian shrubby tree native to Eurasia, also is adapted to establish after flood disturbance but estab-lishes more opportunistically than Fremont cottonwood and Goodding willow (Brock 1994). Black cottonwoods thrive best in moist soils and open areas that allow it to grow rapidly. Cottonwood Tree Cottonwood seeds collecting on the ground (Photo By: EnLorax G. Edward Johnson / Wikimedia Commons) The eastern cottonwood tree (Populous deltoides) is a native North American tree that is common in eastern and central United States as well as southern Canada.Many people recognize this tree from the cottony substance that falls from the trees in early summer. Like many Southwestern plants, its scientific name also bears the stamp of John … Source: Journal of range management 2003 v.56 no.6 pp. This seasonal restriction is due to: 1) early spring seed dispersal; 2) short periods (1 to 5 weeks) of seed viability; and 3) rapid seed germination (Shafroth et al. For instance, the cotton that helps carry seeds on the breeze can be a nuisance, especially when it sticks to window screens, blocks air conditioning units or coats a swimming pool. Flower of Black Cottonwood. Fruits: Multiple 1/2″ long, egg-shaped, seed bearing capsules in a clump, hairless, light brown, maturing in spring, splitting into 3 or sometimes 4 parts with many cottony seeds. The Fremont Cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and by parasitic mistletoe. Immediately after dispersal the seeds of Fremont cottonwood are highly germinable. Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed (May-June). Seeds were cleaned and stored dry in sealed vials at 4 °C until planting (Young & Young 1992). fremontii) is a native tree that grows in northern, southern and central California.It tends to grow in alluvial bottomplands and streamsides, at elevations from 0-6500 feet. When the catkins open, the seeds that burst forth resemble cotton balls, giving cottonwood its name. UNARMED. These mature into seeds that can self-disperse with the help of wind. 1 It may have an upright columnar form that can reach to about 7-90 feet (21-27 meters) in height and 2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters) in diameter. Populus fremontii is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a fast rate. Fremont Cottonwood. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic. Native to California and central Rockies south to Mexico. If you ever go hiking in the Rocky Mountains, take a good look of your surroundings and you will see several black poplars gracing the place. fremontii) 2 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii ssp. Record Observations. Botanical Name: Populus fremontii . Life on the wild prairie plains was very harsh, and trees were a rarity in the grasslands. Populus section Aigeiros is a section of three species in the genus Populus, the poplars.Like some other species in the genus Populus, they are commonly known as cottonwoods.The species are native to North America, Europe, and western Asia. Although Cottonwood seeds can remain viable for over a month, sometimes even 2 (which is fairly short by seed standards anyway) once they get wet, they’ve only got 2 or 3 days tops to germinate, then they’re done. Family: Salicaceae. These traits help synchronize germination with high stream flows in spring. 660 ISSN: 0022-409X Subject: indigenous species, Populus fremontii, seed germination, riparian areas, Nevada Abstract: Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii S. Watson) is the most important cottonwood species of the southwestern United States. There's a workaround, though. Leaves: Heart-shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks. Bark is rough and fissured, light gray to whitish. About Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii ssp. 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