Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. On the 10th / 11th of June 323 BC, Alexander the Great died in Babylon. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. The remaining players Lysimachus, Ptolemy, and Seleucus, were content to hold onto the territories they had acquired. The young ruler immediately established himself against the leader of a key Thracian dynasty, the Seuthes. Although historians record that he accompanied the king on the invasion of Persia, his only appearance of note was at the siege of Tyre. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. King of Egypt Ptolemy. In 301 BC, Lysimachus and Seleucus defeated Antigonus and Demetrius. "Seleucus had 72 satraps under him [7], so vast was the territory he ruled. From 316 to 312 Seleucus remained in Ptolemy's service. Lysimachus (323-133 BC) We do not discuss this kingdom at all because it is far removed from land of Judah. At the Battle of Ipsus in 301 BC, the Antigonids were decisively defeated by the combined armies of Seleucus, Cassander, and Lysimachus. In 281 BCE the two armies met at Corupedium where the king of Thrace met his death. Map of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCE. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Refusal of Antigonus led to the 'Third War of the Diadochi.' In 302 BC, when the second affiance between Cassander, Ptolemy I and Seleucus I was made, Lysimachus, reinforced by troops from Cassander, entered Asia Minor, where he met with little resistance. Lysimachus had soon secured most of the Ionian cities. Cassander later seized the crown by having Alexander's son and heir Alexander IV murdered. In 306/305 BC, Lysimachus followed the example of Antigonus I assumed the title of "King", which he held until his death at Corupedium in 281 BC. In 302 he crossed over into Asia Minor to oppose Antigonus, against whom Seleucus also advanced from the Esat. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Wasson, Donald L. On the approach of Antigonus he retired into winter quarters near Heraclea, marrying its widowed queen Amastris, a Persian princess. By 309 BC, Polyperchon began to claim that Heracles was the true heir to the Macedonian inheritance, at which point Cassander bribed him to have the boy killed. Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. Although Antigonus now concluded a compromise peace with Ptolemy, Lysimachus, and Cassander, he continued the war with Seleucus, attempting to recover control of the eastern reaches of the Empire. (290). Last modified July 05, 2016. He was educated alongside Alexander the Great in a group that included Hephaestion, Ptolemy and Lysimachus. Ancient History Encyclopedia. However, he managed to consolidate his power in the east of his territories, suppressing a revolt of the cities on the Black Sea coast.. The early Macedonian era of Alexander the Great (333-302 BC) and the Ptolemaic Empire (323-21 BC) used the same money system of weights and coins. Unfortunately for the one-time ruler of Macedon, he was immediately captured only to die in captivity in 283 BCE. If he had been born in 355 BCE or later, he would have been too young to have accompanied the king to Persia as a bodyguard. In 302 when the second alliance between Cassander, Ptolemy and Seleucus was made, Lysimachus, reinforced by troops from Cassander, entered Asia Minor, where he met with little resistance. King of Egypt Ptolemy. In his youth, Cassander was taught by the philosopher Aristotle at the Lyceum in Macedonia.He was educated alongside Alexander the Great in a group that included Hephaestion, Ptolemy and Lysimachus. It was a marriage he would regret. The allies sent a proposition to Antigonus in which they demanded he give up Phoenica and Syria to Ptolemy, Cappadocia and Lycia to Cassander, Hellespontine Phrygia to Lysimachus, and Babylonia to Seleucus, they also demanded he share his accumulated treasure with them. Between 315 and 303 the two sides clashed frequently. After Lysimachus’ death, she would marry her half-brother Ptolemy II, establishing the precedent of brother-sister marriages in Egypt. The reason for this was that Ptolemy, Seleucus and Lysimachus, fearing that should Cassander be defeated Greece would be added to the kingdom of Antigonus, determined to relieve the pressure by attacking Antigonus in Asia. Although the regent Antipater was able to suppress a rebellion staged by Agis II of Sparta, he was unable to prevent Alexander’s mother, Olympias, from constantly complaining to his son about the regent’s supposed abuse of power. Throughout his campaign against the Persians, Alexander the Great remained aware of the many troubles plaguing his homeland of Macedon. Cassander (Greek: Κάσσανδρος Ἀντιπάτρου, Kassandros Antipatrou; "son of Antipatros": c. 355 BC – 297 BC) was king of the ancient kingdom of Macedon from 305 BC until 297 BC, and de facto ruler of southern Greece from 317 BC until his death. [13] After the Battle of Ipsus in 301 BC, in which Antigonus was killed, he was undisputed in his control of Macedonia; however, he had little time to savour the fact, dying of dropsy in 297 BC. Military leader under Alexander the Great; after the death of Alexander in 323, Lysimachus became ruler of Thrace. Oddly enough, there was another Lysimachus in the entourage of Alexander. In his youth, Cassander was taught by the philosopher Aristotle at the Lyceum in Macedonia. In the spring of 30o B.C. Historians write of his involvement in Alexander’s battle of the Hydaspes against King Porus - it was recorded that he crossed the river with the king - and the siege of the Indian city of Sangala. "Lysimachus." When the city fell two years later, Olympias was killed, and Cassander had Alexander IV and Roxanne confined at Amphipolis. The Restoration of Seleucus. Thus the dominions of Seleucus were in the east; these of Cassander in the west; those of Ptolemy in the south, and those of Lysimachus in the north. After arriving in Egypt, Seleucus sent his friends to Greece to inform Cassander and Lysimachus, the ruler of Thracia, about Antigonus. He had joined a coalition that Ptolemy, Cassander, and Lysimachus had once again formed against Antigonus and Demetrius. During the Wars of the Diadochi, Lysimachus aligned himself with Cassander, Ptolemy, and Seleucus against Antigonus in 315 BC while consolidating his own power. Then Cassander, Lysimachus, Ptolemy, and Seleucus also assumed that title. He invaded Ptolemy's part of Syria and secured Phoenicia with its naval resources. After the death of Cassander in 297 BCE, he set his sights on Macedon. He died of dropsy in 297. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. This revolt would finally draw him into the conflict that he had so long sought to avoid. [5] His family were distant collateral relatives to the Argead dynasty. Lysimachus’ hopes for expansion were temporarily halted when he was captured in 292 BCE by Dromichaites, the king of Getae. Their plan was to take their main army from Macedonian and Thrace into Asia Minor, where they hoped to meet up with Seleucus, whose army included a large number of elephants. "Lysimachus." The reason for this was that Ptolemy, Seleucus and Lysimachus, fearing that should Cassander be defeated Greece would be added to the kingdom of Antigonus, determined to relieve the pressure by attacking Antigonus in Asia. Antigonus refused and went to Syria, where he planned to attack Ptolemy in the spring of 314 BC. During the struggle of the Diadochi for power, Lysimachus joined a coalition of Seleucus, Ptolemy, and Cassander in 315 and fought against Antigonus. The allies sent a proposition to Antigonus in which they demanded he give up Phoenica and Syria to Ptolemy, Cappadocia and Lycia to Cassander, Hellespontine Phrygia to Lysimachus, and Babylonia to Seleucus, they also demanded he share his accumulated treasure with them. His mother, wife, and only son and heir would die on the orders of Cassander, Antipater’s son, never having sat on the throne. After Demetrius was defeated by Ptolemy at the Battle of Gaza in 312 BCE, Seleucus took back Babylon. 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