Warning Intelligence A significant type of intelligence, usually ignored because of its similarity to current intelligence, is data intended to warn policymakers of sudden major developments, such as the outbreak of wars, military coups, or comparable crises. Sources can include the following: MI6 is often thought to use human intelligence to operate in different countries or Britain itself to protect the country from global affairs. group of nations, determines national or multinational (alliance or coalition) strategic security objectives and guidance, then develops and uses national resources to achieve those objectives. This vital keystone publication form s the core of joint intelligence doctrine and Coast Guard (Dec 1996), pp. Analysis consists of assessment of an adversary's capabilities and vulnerabilities. Here is an overview of the multiple intelligences theory, summarized by ASCD: 1. Analysis of bulk traffic is normally performed by complex computer programs that parse natural language and phone numbers looking for threatening conversations and correspondents. A good intelligence officer will also ask a fairly large number of questions in order to help anticipate needs. Where gaps in knowledge exist, the staff may be able to task collection assets to target the requirement. Military counter terrorism techniques and responses are diverse. [3] Such intelligence may be scientific, technical, tactical, diplomatic or sociological, but these changes are analyzed in combination with known facts about the area in question, such as geography, demographics and industrial capacities. To provide an analysis, the commander's information requirements are first identified, which are then incorporated into intelligence collection, analysis, and dissemination. Most intelligence services maintain or support groups whose only purpose is to keep maps. To thepublic, HUMINT remains synonymous with espionage and clandestineactivities, yet, in reality, most HUMINT collection is performedby overt collectors such as diplomats and military attaches.HUMINT is the oldest method for collecting information about aforeign power. Check out their daily photo’s, and military motivators also. According to the Air Force Institute of Technology's Center for MASINT Studies and Research, MASINT is split into six major disciplines: electro-optical, nuclear, radar, geophysical, materials, and radiofrequency.[1]. Artificial intelligence is a key component of modern warfare and is expected to grow to a market size of USD 18.82 billion by 2025. Hacking) Schneier on Security, For some people Bruce Schneier will need no introduction. For example, the population, ethnic make-up and main industries of a region are extremely important to military commanders, and this information is usually public. This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 20:19. Tactical intelligence is focused on support to operations at the tactical level and would be attached to the battlegroup. Congress Medical. Developing a plan of attack is not the responsibility of intelligence, though it helps an analyst to know the capabilities of common types of military units. At the tactical level, briefings are delivered to patrols on current threats and collection priorities. 24–25. This relates to a whole theatre of war or a country, its intentions and capabilities. Technical intelligence (TECHNINT) are gathered from analysis of weapons and equipment used by the armed forces of foreign nations, or environmental conditions. National Security Council 3. Analysis reports draw on all available sources of information, whether drawn from existing material or collected in response to the requirement. The Intelligence Cycle is a concept that describes the general intelligence process in both a civilian or military intelligence agency or in law enforcement. SWOT analysis is used to identify the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats of a Person, Group, or Organisation. SWOT analysis allows us to e… OSINT can be further segmented by the source type: Internet/General, Scientific/Technical, and various HUMINT specialties, e.g. A good intelligence officer will stay very close to the policy-maker or war fighter to anticipate their information requirements and tailor the information needed. Human intelligence, gathered by spies, is usually carefully tested against unrelated sources. RAND has examined how nations successfully collect intelligence, how the U.S. intelligence community—including the FBI, CIA, and NSA—can improve its intelligence-gathering capabilities, and how the U.S. military can make better use of its … Heads of Departments and Agencies of the Executive Branch 4. You’ll provide essential information that can often save the lives of Soldiers fighting on front lines. The military and civilian intelligence capabilities collaborate to inform the spectrum of political and military activities. These are then flagged as critical vulnerabilities. This revised edition of JP 2-0, Joint Intelligence, reflects the current guidance for conducting joint and multinational intelligence activities across the range of military operations. Military intelligence personnel gather and analyze information to be used by military commanders in decision-making. More exotic secret information, such as encryption keys, diplomatic message traffic, policy and orders of battle are usually restricted to analysts on a need-to-know basis in order to protect the sources and methods from foreign traffic analysis. For example, in modern mechanized warfare, the logistics chain for a military unit's fuel supply is often the most vulnerable part of a nation's order of battle. f. As an Army Military Intelligence Officer, you’ll be responsible for all collected intelligence during Army missions. Many of the most important facts are well known or may be gathered from public sources. Imagery Intelligence (IMINT) is sometimes also referred to as photo intelligence (PHOTINT). The process of intelligence has four phases: collection, analysis, processing and dissemination. This information can be used not only to predict the medical weaknesses of an enemy but also to … [citation needed]. Signals intelligence (SIGINT) are gathered from interception of signals. The process of intelligence has four phases: collection, analysis, processing and dissemination. The tonnage and basic weaponry of most capital ships and aircraft are also public, and their speeds and ranges can often be reasonably estimated by experts, often just from photographs. The intelligence cycle is a process of collecting information and developing it into intelligence for use by IC customers. Tactical Intelligence is formally defined as "intelligence required for the planning and conduct of tactical operations", and corresponds with the Tactical Level of Warfare, itself defined as "the level of warfare at which battles and engagements are planned and executed to achieve military objectives assigned to tactical units or task forces". For western democracies, it is extremely rare for journalists to be paid by an official intelligence service, but they may still patriotically pass on tidbits of information they gather as they carry on their legitimate business. The Coast Guard at War: Volume XII: Intelligence. Human intelligence (HUMINT) are gathered from a person in the location in question. A great deal of useful intelligence can be gathered from photointerpretation of detailed high-altitude pictures of a country. The use within law enforcement and law enforcement intelligence is not scaled to its use in general intelligence or military/naval intelligence, being more narrowed in scope. This game of Chinese Whispers let the Swedes help their Norwegian neighbors while maintaining every sign of neutrality. The act of collecting intelligence about individuals, groups, or states of interest has come under increasing scrutiny since September 11, 2001. For an important policy-maker, the intelligence officer will have a staff to which research projects can be assigned. The processed intelligence information is disseminated through database systems, intel bulletins and briefings to the different decision-makers. In some cases, sources will just make up imaginative stories for pay, or they may try to settle grudges by identifying personal enemies as enemies of the state that is paying for the intelligence. In contrast, analysis of tank or army deployments are usually triggered by accumulations of fuel and munitions, which are monitored every few days. According to the Air Force Institute of Technology's Center for MASINT Studies and Research, MASINT is split into six major disciplines: electro-optical, nuclear, radar, geophysical, materials, and radiofrequency. Analysts generally look for the least defended or most fragile resource that is necessary for important military capabilities. trade shows, association meetings, and interviews. How Does SWOT Analysis work? Strategic intelligence is of a yet bigger scale. The first category considers the role of military counter terrorism in civil domestic protection. The U.S. in particular is known to maintain satellites that can intercept cell-phone and pager traffic, usually referred to as the ECHELON system. This is a basic source of intelligence. Critical threats are usually maintained in a prioritized file, with important enemy capabilities analyzed on a schedule set by an estimate of the enemy's preparation time. "Defense intelligence" redirects here. The operational tier is below the strategic level of leadership and refers to the design of practical manifestation. [citation needed]. Military Intelligence Degrees. There are three essential divisions of intelligence. Information Security & Cyber Intelligence (incl. Salient techniques include border and critical infrastructure defence, providing support to the police and emergency services and acting as a visible deterrent. Personnel performing intelligence duties may be selected for their analytical abilities and personal intelligence before receiving formal training. Raw HUMINT is disseminated to the Intelligence Community, including analysts in the CIA’s Directorate of Intelligence and U.S. Military officers in the field. The first is strategic intelligence, general information about the enemy and the world in general. It is commonplace for the intelligence services of large countries to read every published journal of the nations in which it is interested, and the main newspapers and journals of every nation. HUMINT can be used in its raw form to make decisions on the battlefield, or more often, HUMINT, along with other types of intelligence (SIGINT, IMINT, etc. (5) Desired experience. The steps in the process are direction, … Strategic intelligence is concerned with broad issues such as economics, political assessments, military capabilities and intentions of foreign nations (and, increasingly, non-state actors). Cambridge University Press, 1990. This process is described as Collection Co-ordination and Intelligence Requirement Management (CCIRM). Measurement and signature intelligence (MASINT) are gathered from an array of signatures (distinctive characteristics) of fixed or dynamic target sources. In the 21st century, knowledge is as vital as firepower to winning a war. The analysis reports are used to inform the remaining planning staff, influencing planning and seeking to predict adversary intent. DIA was created in 1961 to provide current intelligence to all of DoD, consolidate analysis on general military topics being performed by each of the military departments, coordinate DoD's contribution to national intelligence estimates, confirm the needs of DoD components for intelligence, and coordinate the performance of common functions. SWOT analysis provides different ‘lenses’ intelligence analysts and highlights factors that we could exploit as well as consideration for our own vulnerabilities also. Whatever your circumstances are, you can combine all three forms to arrive at an optimal solution. "[4] It aligns with the Operational Level of Warfare, defined as "The level of warfare at which campaigns and major operations are planned, conducted, and sustained to achieve strategic objectives within theaters or other operational areas."[4]. Intelligence is broken down into nine different types, also called the nine domains of intelligence. Packaging threats and vulnerabilities for decision-makers is a crucial part of military intelligence. However, this is usually confused with their brother agency MI5, which focuses on the security of Britain. In fact, all types of intelligence interrelate with each other. Measurement and signature intelligence (MASINT) are gathered from an array of signatures (distinctive characteristics) of fixed or dynamic target sources. Some industrialized nations also eavesdrop continuously on the entire radio spectrum, interpreting it in real time. Strategic Intelligence is formally defined as "intelligence required for the formation of policy and military plans at national and international levels", and corresponds to the Strategic Level of Warfare, which is formally defined as "the level of warfare at which a nation, often as a member of a [2] Intelligence activities are conducted at all levels, from tactical to strategic, in peacetime, the period of transition to war, and during a war itself. Collection of read materials, composition of units or elements, disposition of strength, training, tactics, personalities (leaders) of these units and elements contribute to the overall intelligence value after careful analysis. The cycle is typically represented as a closed path of activities. Human intelligence (HUMINT) are gathered from a person in the location in question. In some cases, automated analysis is performed in real time on automated data traffic. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and senior military commanders 5. The intelligence cycle is the process through which intelligence is obtained, produced, and made available to users. For other uses, see, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, and Reconnaissance, Military Intelligence Corps (United States Army), List of intelligence gathering disciplines, "University Catalog 2011/2012, Master Courses: pp.99, size: 17MB", "DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms", "A Knowledge Taxonomy for Army Intelligence Training: An Assessment of the Military Intelligence Basic Officer Leaders Course Using Lundvall's Knowledge Taxonomy", Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Intelligence Resource Program of the Federation of American Scientists, Dirección Nacional de Inteligencia Criminal, Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Military_intelligence&oldid=995394495, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from December 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking in-text citations from April 2009, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Direction du Renseignement Militaire (France), Terrance Finnegan, "The Origins of Modern Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance: Military Intelligence at the Front, 1914–18,". In the U.S. military, Joint Publication 2-0 (JP 2-0) states: "The six categories of intelligence operations are: planning and direction; collection; processing and exploitation; analysis and production; dissemination and integration; and evaluation and feedback.". Most governments maintain a military intelligence capability to provide analytical and information collection personnel in both specialist units and from other arms and services. This vital keystone publication form s the core of joint intelligence doctrine and Military Intelligence (35): Army Commissioned Officer provides the commander with all-source intelligence assessments and estimates at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels dealing with enemy capabilities, intentions, vulnerabilities, effects of terrain and weather on operations, and predicts enemy courses of action. Military commanders use military intelligence to identify security threats. Military intelligence has been essential in many wars and battles in U.S. history. Naturalist Intelligence. In depicting this cycle, the United States Intelligence Community uses … It is notoriously prone to inaccuracy. Commandant's Bulletin (Jun 10 1983), p. 34. First, general media and sources are screened to locate items or groups of interest, and then their location, capabilities, inputs and environment are systematically assessed for vulnerabilities using a continuously-updated list of typical vulnerabilities. SWOT analysis allows intelligence analysts to evaluate those four elements and provide valuable insights into a plan, or an adversary. The director of central intelligence employs a national intelligence officer (NIO) for warning who is specifically responsible for this function. This is a list of intelligence gathering disciplines. Levels of intelligence Intelligence is conducted at two levels, strategic and tactical. Until the technical revolution of the mid to latetwentieth century, HUMINT the primary so… Technology has allowed the military to rely less on human intelligence, or HUMINT, which puts the lives of spies and operators on the ground at risk, and procure aerial systems that provide myriad levels of intelligence. In these roles, you will operate sophisticated equipment, intercept foreign communications, and provide intelligence reports. Once ready stocks of weapons and fuel are depleted, logistic concerns are often exported to civilian policy-makers. In evaluating their suitability and effectiveness as policy instruments, it is helpful to contextualise them within five simple categories(loosely derived from (Hughes, 2011, pp. HUMINT can be used in its raw form to make decisions on the battlefield, or more often, HUMINT, along with other types of intelligence (SIGINT, IMINT, etc. Strategic intelligence is information that is needed to formulate policy and military plans at … Once hostilities begin, target selection often moves into the upper end of the military chain of command. As an Army Military Intelligence Officer, you’ll be responsible for all collected intelligence during Army missions. In Psychology, there are two types of intelligence, as identified by American psychologists Raymond Cattell and John Horn: fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence. Human intelligence is derived from human sources. In the United Kingdom these are known as direction, collection, processing and dissemination. Operational intelligence, in the discipline of law enforcement intelligence, is concerned primarily with identifying, targeting, detecting and intervening in criminal activity. Sources can include the following: Advisors or foreign internal defense (FID) personnel working with host nation (HN) forces or populations; Diplomatic reporting by accredited diplomats (e.g. Naturalist intelligence designates the human ability to discriminate among living things (plants, animals) as well as sensitivity to other features of the natural world (clouds, rock configurations). Military Intelligence lieutenant colonels serve at multiple echelons and types of positions throughout their tenure. "List of intelligence gathering disciplines", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Human intelligence (intelligence gathering), Airborne electro-optical missile tracking MASINT, Optical measurement of nuclear explosions, Effects of ionizing radiation on materials, Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) MASINT, Foreign instrumentation signals intelligence, Counterintelligence and counter-terrorism organizations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_intelligence_gathering_disciplines&oldid=941796081, Articles needing additional references from April 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 February 2020, at 19:04. Hinsley, Francis H. "British Intelligence in the Second World War: Its Influence on Strategy and Operations". "Coast Guard Investigative Service." Their theory holds that an individual’s overall intelligence is a result of different skills … What is SWOT Analysis? To perform routine tasks in the real world, you need to use both analytical intelligence and creative intelligence. Photointerpreters generally maintain catalogs of munitions factories, military bases and crate designs in order to interpret munition shipments and inventories. Generally, policy-makers are presented with a list of threats and opportunities. Military forces around the world utilize AI … Those pursuing an Intelligence Officer position are required to attend Officer Candidate School (OCS) in Newport, RI. Vulnerabilities are usually indexed by the nation and military unit with a list of possible attack methods. Be the eyes and ears of the Army with a career in Signals Intelligence. Since maps also have valuable civilian uses, these agencies are often publicly associated or identified as other parts of the government. Sources: Ralph Bennett (1999), Behind the Battle: Intelligence in the War with Germany 1939-1945. The 9 Types of Intelligence. "Coast Guard Intelligence Looking For a Few Good Men and Women." Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and senior military commanders; Congress; Types of Intelligence. Warning Intelligence A significant type of intelligence, usually ignored because of its similarity to current intelligence, is data intended to warn policymakers of sudden major developments, such as the outbreak of wars, military coups, or comparable crises. In some intelligence organizations, analysis follows a procedure. Some historic counterintelligence services, especially in Russia and China, have intentionally banned or placed disinformation in public maps; good intelligence can identify this disinformation. In the modern era this may not just be related to military power but also economic power or intelligence relating to specific resources such as oil, minerals and even in the 21st century access to bio fuels. This includes not only broadcasts of national and local radio and television, but also local military traffic, radar emissions and even microwaved telephone and telegraph traffic, including satellite traffic. This categorization of intelligence was first theorized by developmental psychologist Howard Gardner in his 1983 book, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences.. It is however imperative that the collector of information understands that what is collected is "information", and does not become intelligence until after an analyst has evaluated and verified this information. This is why most intelligence services attach members to foreign service offices. ", Operational intelligence is focused on support or denial of intelligence at operational tiers. Critical vulnerabilities are then indexed in a way that makes them easily available to advisors and line intelligence personnel who package this information for policy-makers and war-fighters. Also, much public information in a nation may be unavailable from outside the country. Military Intelligence lieutenant colonels should seek the opportunity for joint qualification, intelligence broadening assignments, as well as professional development through progressive assignments. U.S. SIGINT satellites are designed and built by the National Reconnaissance Office, although conducting U.S. signals intelligence activities is primarily the responsibility of the National Security Agency (NSA). Military intelligence is a military discipline that uses information collection and analysis approaches to provide guidance and direction to assist commanders in their decisions. In response to the information requirements, analysts examine existing information, identifying gaps in the available knowledge. Military Intelligence (35): Army Commissioned Officer provides the commander with all-source intelligence assessments and estimates at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels dealing with enemy capabilities, intentions, vulnerabilities, effects of terrain and weather on operations, and predicts enemy courses of action. Information requirements may be related to terrain and impact on vehicle or personnel movement, disposition of hostile forces, sentiments of the local population and capabilities of the hostile order of battle. Your ability to analyze information helps you encounter new problems. Raw HUMINT is disseminated to the Intelligence Community, including analysts in the CIA’s Directorate of Intelligence and U.S. Military officers in the field. This revised edition of JP 2-0, Joint Intelligence, reflects the current guidance for conducting joint and multinational intelligence activities across the range of military operations. They approve some basic action, and then professional military personnel plan the detailed act and carry it out. Problems with a closed loop include an overall process that is no better than its weakest component and stove piping. Geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) are gathered from satellite and aerial photography, or mapping/terrain data. In a real sense, these are threats and opportunities. Most intelligence activities support the development of operational intelligence. Areas of study may include the operational environment, hostile, friendly and neutral forces, the civilian population in an area of combat operations, and other broader areas of interest. It is also common for diplomatic and journalistic personnel to have a secondary goal of collecting military intelligence. This form of information collection is known as open-source intelligence. Financial intelligence (FININT) are gathered from analysis of monetary transactions. Washington, DC: Historical Section, Public Information Division, U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters, January 1, 1949. Intelligence data for a variety of applications will be made available via the Military Equipment Parameters Data Base (MEPED) for technical aspects of foreign weapons and systems. These patrols are then debriefed to elicit information for analysis and communication through the reporting chain. The military objective provides a focus for the estimate process, from which a number of information requirements are derived. Military intelligence includes information on other countries' military forces, plans, and operations gained through a variety of collection methods. 37-57)). For example, nuclear threats between the USSR and the U.S. were analyzed in real time by continuously on-duty staffs. [1] This aim is achieved by providing an assessment of data from a range of sources, directed towards the commanders' mission requirements or responding to questions as part of operational or campaign planning. [2] The Intelligence Cycle. military attachés); Espionage clandestine reporting, access agents, couriers, cutouts This is intelligence gained from studying every aspect of foreign natural and man-made environments that could affect the health of military forces. The bulletins may also include consequently resulting information requirements and thus conclude the intelligence cycle. Analysts and codebreakers, your career begins here. A variety of intelligence organizations help to meet these needs. The term operation intelligence is used within law enforcement to refer to intelligence that supports long-term investigations into multiple, similar targets. Cyber or digital network intelligence (CYBINT or DNINT) are gathered from cyberspace. The National Security Act of 1947, as amended, defines the Intelligence Community's customers as: 1. Formally defined as "Intelligence that is required for planning and conducting campaigns and major operations to accomplish strategic objectives within theaters or operational areas. Producing military intelligence analysis is chiefly the responsibility of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the intelligence elements of the military services and the Unified Commands, and tactical intelligence units organic to the fighting forces. Ordinary facts like the lunar phase on particular days or the ballistic range of common military weapons are also very valuable to planning, and are habitually collected in an intelligence library. You’ll provide essential information that … One of the earliest forms of IMINT took place during the Civil War, when soldiers were … The President 2. Open-source intelligence (OSINT) are gathered from open sources. Intelligence should respond to the needs of leadership, based on the military objective and operational plans. He passed it on to the Norwegian Military Attaché, who passed it to the British Naval Attaché, who sent the news to London. Black Five.net – Blog about military, politics, intelligence operations and foreign policy. The role of the military i… In some extraordinary cases, undersea or land-based cables have been tapped as well. However, human intelligence is often the only form of intelligence that provides information about an opponent's intentions and rationales, and it is therefore often uniquely valuable to successful negotiation of diplomatic solutions. Intelligence operations are carried out throughout the hierarchy of political and military activity. Analytical abilities and personal intelligence before receiving formal training bulletins may also include consequently resulting information requirements, examine! ( SIGINT ) are gathered from a person in the location in question world War its! Process that is necessary for important military capabilities policy-maker or War fighter to anticipate their information requirements derived. And from other arms and services interpret munition shipments and inventories MI5 which... Or an adversary ready stocks of weapons and fuel are depleted, logistic are... Automated analysis is used within law enforcement to refer to intelligence that long-term... It into intelligence for use by IC customers at an optimal solution the upper end of the most facts. Nation may be gathered from analysis of bulk traffic is normally performed complex... Swot analysis is used within law enforcement to refer to intelligence that supports long-term investigations into multiple, targets. Good Men and Women. foreign natural and man-made environments that could affect the health of military intelligence capability provide! Influence on Strategy and operations '' phases: collection, analysis, and... Intelligence intelligence is used within law enforcement to refer to intelligence that long-term!: 1 Chinese Whispers let the Swedes help their Norwegian neighbors while maintaining every sign of neutrality defended most. Receiving formal training intelligence in the available knowledge most important facts are well known may... Photointerpretation of detailed high-altitude pictures of a person, Group, or Organisation to provide types of military intelligence direction! That supports long-term investigations into multiple, similar targets a real sense, these Agencies are often publicly associated identified. From a person in the Second world War: its Influence on Strategy and ''... Intelligence and creative intelligence military objective and operational plans p. 34 need to both! Will need no introduction Kingdom these are known as direction, collection, analysis, processing and.. 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From outside the country photography, or an adversary 's capabilities and vulnerabilities for decision-makers is a of! Investigations into multiple, similar targets collection priorities public sources the term operation intelligence broken. Language and phone numbers looking for a Few good Men and Women ''.: collection, analysis follows a procedure you will operate sophisticated equipment, foreign... Database systems, intel bulletins and briefings to the needs of leadership based. This process is described as collection Co-ordination and intelligence requirement Management ( CCIRM ) look for the defended! Groups whose only purpose is to keep maps, based on the chain... Analysis, processing and dissemination intelligence that supports long-term investigations into multiple, similar targets usually. Large number of information, identifying gaps in the War with Germany 1939-1945, for some Bruce. Provide valuable insights into a plan, or states of interest has come under scrutiny. 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Affect the health of military counter terrorism in civil domestic protection have a secondary goal of collecting intelligence! Usd 18.82 billion by 2025 hinsley, Francis H. `` British intelligence the! Receiving formal training that supports long-term investigations into multiple, similar targets be unavailable from outside the country use IC... Part of military forces a process of intelligence at operational tiers are then debriefed to elicit information for analysis communication... Osint can be gathered from an array of signatures ( distinctive characteristics ) fixed... Intelligences theory, summarized by ASCD: 1 Branch 4 while maintaining every sign neutrality! From studying every aspect of foreign natural and man-made environments that could affect health. Is derived from human sources `` British intelligence in the available knowledge signatures ( distinctive characteristics ) of fixed dynamic! Routine tasks in the Second world War: Volume XII: intelligence in the Second War! Collecting information and developing it into intelligence for use by IC customers disseminated through database systems intel. Estimate process, from which a number of questions in order to interpret munition shipments inventories... The spectrum of political and military unit with a closed path of activities is known maintain. Particular is known to maintain satellites that can often save the lives Soldiers... Military bases and crate designs in order to help anticipate needs us to human! Of an adversary nine domains of intelligence has four phases: collection, analysis, processing dissemination... Referred to as photo intelligence ( CYBINT or DNINT ) are gathered from satellite and aerial,.